Houses of the Ethnic Minorities
houses of the Naxi and Bai ethnic groups in northwestern Yunnan
have kept the traditional style of Chinese architecture. They are
made from wood or bricks, with white-washed walls, in the form of
three houses, one main house, and two connecting houses, plus one
screen wall. The houses are usually built with flying buttresses,
carved beams and painted rafters, and in the courtyard, grass and
trees are grown. They form a sort of living museum of traditional
sculpture, painting and calligraphy. The most typical houses can
be found in the ancient towns of Lijiang, Dali and Weishan.
Beside the Lugu Lake, known as the
"mother lake", are the wooden houses of the
Mosuo people. The houses, with log walls and wooden
roof tiles, come from the roots of the matriarchal society.
The houses of the Yi ethnic group on Liangshan Mountain
are built from mud, and the base of the wall is inlaid
with stones. They nestle in perfect harmony with the
Dai, Jingpo, Wa, De'ang, Jinuo and Lahu ethnic groups in the west
and southwest of Yunnan make their houses from bamboo, timber and
grass. They live upstairs, and keep their livestock under the houses.
These bamboo buildings are well ventilated, to suit the tropical
environment. They vary in style according to the ethnic group. The
Dai houses are elegant, the Wa houses simple, while the houses of
the Jinuo and Lahu people are large in order to accommodate big
families which include several generations.
The houses of the Hani ethnic group
in southern Yunnan are shaped like mushrooms, and are
built from mud and have thatched roofs.
The houses of the Tibetan, Lisu
and Buyi ethnic groups also have their own style. The
dwelling houses of the ethnic groups in Yunnan are all
extremely practical. They display the ethnic people's
wisdom, and t heir ability to adapt to their natural