Animal and Plant in Yunnan
like a treasure house depicted in fairy tales, Yunnan was endowed
by the Creator with abundant natural resources, including rich mineral
reserves, rare animals and plants, many rivers and lakes, and a
mild climate with abundant precipitation. Therefore, it is often
called "the Kingdom of Animals", "the Kingdom of
Plants" and "the Kingdom of Nonferrous Metals".
Gene Bank of Animals and Plants
Since the Mesozoic Era, the geological
movement in Yunnan has been relatively stable, and the
movement of glaciers in ancient times had little effect
on the land. As a result, Yunnan has become a safe haven
where a number of animals and plants have sought asylum
and some ancient and rare species have made their homes.
Yunnan is home to animals and plants from alpine, temperate,
sub-tropical and tropical zones because of its widely
diverse topography. Although the area of Yunnan only
accounts for 4.1 percent of China's total, it has the
greatest number of species of animals of any province
in China.1,704 species of vertebrate animals can be
found here,accounting for55 per cent of China's total
of 3,099 species, of which 200 endangered and rare species
have been put under first class national protection.
These include Asian elephants, wild oxen, Yunnan golden
monkeys, gibbons, hornbills, etc. Rough statistics show
that China is home to approximately150,000 kinds of
insects, of which Yunnan has around 90,000 kinds.
also has the greatest number of plant species in China. China is
home to over30,000 plant species, Yunnan has 18,000 species,62.8
per cent of the total. Up to now there are only families of gymnosperm
around the world,10 of which can be found in Yunnan. Among the rare
plants growing in Yunnan some are ancient species, which scientists
term "living fossils". Yunnan also has over 10,000species
of algae and fungus, and numerous micro-organisms.
Rich Biological Resources
There are more than 1,000 plant species
being cultivated in Yunnan, of which900 species are
of high economic value and can be directly marketed.
Yunnan boasts rich wild plant resources which provide
excellent plant breeding stock.
has a total of 9.533million hectares of forest, ranking fourth in
China, and has1.366billion cubic meters of live timber, accounting
for14.2 percent of the country's total, and ranking third in China.
The forests in Yunnan may be divided into 105 categories, covering
almost all of the tropical, temperate and frigid zone types. Growing
here are over 4,000 species of xerophytes and 800 varieties of trees.
About300 kinds are on the list of cash-generating trees. Moreover,
Yunnan has great potential for the development of forestry by-products.
Yunnan is regarded in medical circles
as a storehouse of traditional Chinese medicinal herbs.
More than 2,000 species of herbs including 400 species
which are the raw materials of traditional Chinese medicine
grow in the Province. Pseudo-ginseng, Gastrodia elata,
reticulate millettia, the bark of eucommia, the rhizome
of Chinese goldthread and licorice root are of especially
high quality. In recent years, some herbs, which China's
pharmaceutical industry had been importing from tropical
countries in the past, have been discovered growing
ranks first in China for growing spice crops. There are 400 species
from 69 plant families ranging from the pine family, cypress family,
camphorwood family to the rarely-seen lily magnolia family. They
provide abundant resources for developing the food and cosmetic
industries. The province is well-known for being a "flower
kingdom", where flowers seem never to fade and the spring-like
weather lasts for the whole 365 days every year. Among the 2,100
species of ornamental plants growing in Yunnan, there are 1,500
flowering species. The scarlet camellia, the azalea, the primula,
the gentian, the lily, the magnolia, the cymbidium and the macropedia
known as the eight famous flowers of Yunnan.
Days / 4 Nights Yunnan Viewing Flowers Tour Package To Kunming